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Solaris Express Installation Guide: Basic Installations
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SPARC: Performing an Installation or Upgrade With the Solaris Installation Program

You can either install or upgrade the Solaris OS by using the Solaris installation program. This section lists the tasks you need to perform to install the Solaris OS, and provides detailed instructions about how to install the Solaris OS from DVD or CD media.

SPARC: To Install or Upgrade With the Solaris Installation Program

This procedure describes how to install a standalone SPARC based system from CD or DVD media.


Note - If you want to install the Solaris OS on a machine or domain that does not have a directly attached DVD-ROM or CD-ROM drive, you can use a DVD-ROM or CD-ROM drive that is attached to another machine. For detailed instructions, refer to Appendix B, Installing or Upgrading Remotely (Tasks), in Solaris Express Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations.


Before You Begin

Perform the following tasks before you begin your installation.

  1. Insert the Solaris Operating System for SPARC Platforms DVD or Solaris Software for SPARC Platforms - 1 CD.
  2. Boot the system.
    • If the system is new, out-of-the-box, turn on the system.
    • If you want to install a system that is currently running, shut down the system.

    The ok prompt is displayed.

  3. Start the Solaris installation program.
    • To boot from the local DVD or CD and start the Solaris installation GUI in a desktop session, type the following command.
      ok boot cdrom
    • To boot from the local DVD or CD and start the text installer in a desktop session, type the following command.
      ok boot cdrom - text
      text

      Specifies to run the text installer in a desktop session. Use this option to override the default GUI installer.

    • To boot from the local DVD or CD and start the text installer in a console session, type the following command.
      ok boot cdrom - nowin
      nowin

      Specifies to run the text installer in a console session. Use this option to override the default GUI installer.

    For detailed information about the Solaris installation GUI and text installer, see Solaris Installation Program GUI or Text Installer Requirements.

    If the operating system cannot locate a self-identifying keyboard, the next screen displays keyboard layout selections.


    Note - PS/2 keyboards are not self-identifying. You will be asked to select the keyboard layout during the installation.


  4. (Optional) Select the desired keyboard layout from the screen below and press F2 to continue.
    Configure Keyboard Layout
    +---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    |   Please specify the keyboard layout from the list below.                 |
    |                                                                           |
    |   To make a selection, use the arrow keys to highlight the option and     |
    |   press Return to mark it [X].                                            |
    |                                                                           |
    |            Keyboard  Layout                                               |
    |            -----------------------                                        |
    |       [  ] Serbia-And Montenegro                                          |
    |       [  ] Slovenian                                                      |
    |       [  ] Slovakian                                                      |
    |       [  ] Spanish                                                        |
    |       [  ] Swedish                                                        |
    |       [  ] Swiss-French                                                   |
    |       [  ] Swiss-German                                                   |
    |       [  ] Taiwanese                                                      |
    |       [  ] TurkishQ                                                       |
    |       [  ] TurkishF                                                       |
    |       [  ] UK-English                                                     |
    |       [ X] US-English                                                     |
    |                                                                           |
    |    F2_Continue      F6_Help                                               |
    +---------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    The system configures the devices and interfaces and searches for configuration files. If you selected a GUI installation in the earlier steps, the next two screens confirm GUI functioning.

  5. (Optional) In the following screen, press Enter.
    Starting Solaris Interactive (graphical user interface) 
    Installation
    +------------------------------------------------------------+
    | You must respond to the first question within 30 seconds   |
    | or the installer proceeds in a non-window environment      |
    | (console mode).                                            |
    |                                                            |
    | If the screen becomes blank or unreadable the installer    |
    | proceeds in console mode.                                  |
    |                                                            |
    | If the screen does not properly revert to console mode,    |
    | restart the installation and make the following selection: |
    |                                                            |
    |      Solaris Interactive Text (Console session)            |
    -------------------------------------------------------------+

    Note - If your system has insufficient memory to display a graphical user interface (GUI), the program exists and displays an error message. You can upgrade your memory and restart the installation.

    For an alternative that requires less memory to install, restart the installation and follow these steps:

    1. Select the Solaris Express option.

    2. Choose the Solaris Interactive Text (console session) option.

      This alternative provides a text-mode installation that requires additional configuration input.


    After progress messages are completed, another confirmation screen is displayed.

  6. (Optional) Move your cursor into the following text screen and press Enter.
    This panel enables you to confirm screen legibility.

    A list of language choices is displayed.

  7. In the following screen, select the language you want to use during the installation, and press Enter.
    This panel shows the language selection choices.

    After a few seconds, the Solaris Installation Program Welcome screen appears.

    • If you are running the Solaris GUI installation program, the screen that is shown in Figure 2-1 is displayed.

    • If you are running the Solaris text installer in a desktop session, the screen that is shown in Figure 2-2 is displayed.

    Figure 2-1 Solaris GUI Installation Program Welcome Screen
    This screen capture shows the GUI Welcome screen. This screen lists the information the installation program needs to configure the system.
    Figure 2-2 Solaris Text Installer Welcome Screen
    This screen capture shows the text Welcome screen. This screen lists the information the installation program needs to configure the system.
  8. Click Next to begin the installation. If you are prompted, answer the system configuration questions.

    After you answer the configuration questions, the Welcome to Solaris screen appears.

    Figure 2-3 Welcome to Solaris Screen
    This screen capture shows the Next and Exit buttons for the Welcome installation screen.

    The Installer Questions screen appears.

  9. Decide if you want to reboot the system automatically and if you want to automatically eject the disc. Click Next.

    The Specify Media screen appears.

  10. Specify the media you are using to install. Click Next.

    The License panel appears.

  11. Accept the license agreement to continue the installation. Click Next.

    The Solaris installation program then determines if the system can be upgraded. To upgrade, the system must have an existing Solaris root (/) file system. The Solaris installation program detects the necessary conditions and then upgrades the system.

    The Select Upgrade or Initial Install screen appears.

  12. Decide if you want to perform an initial installation or an upgrade. Click Next.

    The next screen enables you to choose a default installation or a custom installation.

  13. Select the type of installation you want to perform. Click Next.
    • Select Default Install to install the Entire Solaris Software Group.
    • Select Custom Install if you want to perform the following tasks.
      • Install a specific software group

      • Install additional software

      • Install specific software packages

      • Install a specific locale

      • Customize the disk layout

      For more information about software groups, see Disk Space Recommendations for Software Groups.


    Note - The text installer does not prompt you to select a Default or Custom Installation. To perform a default installation, accept the default values that are provided in the text installer. To perform a custom installation, edit the values in the text installer screens.


  14. If you are prompted, answer any additional configuration questions.

    When you have provided the information that is required to install the system, the Ready to Install screen is displayed.

    Figure 2-4 Solaris Installation Ready to Install Screen
    This screen capture shows the Ready to Install screen. The screen lists the configuration information that was entered during the installation.
  15. Click Install Now to install the Solaris software. Follow the instructions on the screen to install the Solaris software.

    When the Solaris installation program finishes installing the Solaris software, the system reboots automatically or prompts you to reboot manually.

    If you are installing additional products, you are prompted to insert the DVD or CD for those products. For installation procedures, refer to the appropriate installation documentation.

    After the installation is finished, installation logs are saved in a file. You can find the installation logs in the /var/sadm/system/logs and /var/sadm/install/logs directories.

    • If you are performing an initial installation, the installation is complete. Go to Step 16.
    • If you are upgrading the Solaris software, you might need to correct some local modifications that were not preserved. Continue to Step a.
      1. Review the contents of the /a/var/sadm/system/data/upgrade_cleanup file to determine whether you need to correct local modifications that the Solaris installation program could not preserve.
      2. Correct any local modifications that were not preserved.
  16. If you did not select automatic reboot during the installation, reboot the system.
    # reboot
Troubleshooting

If you encountered any problems during the installation or upgrade, see Appendix A, Troubleshooting (Tasks), in Solaris Express Installation Guide: Custom JumpStart and Advanced Installations.

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