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Postfix Documentation
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Restricting what users can send mail to off-site destinations

How can I configure Postfix in a way that some users can send mail to the internet and other users not. The users with no access should receive a generic bounce message. Please don't discuss whether such access restrictions are necessary, it was not my decision.

Postfix has support for per-user restrictions. The restrictions are implemented by the SMTP server. Thus, users that violate the policy have their mail rejected by the SMTP server. Like this:

554 <[email protected]>: Access denied

The implementation uses two lookup tables. One table defines what users are restricted in where they can send mail, and the other table defines what destinations are local. It is left as an exercise for the reader to change this into a scheme where only some users have permission to send mail to off-site destinations, and where most users are restricted.

The example assumes DB/DBM files, but this could also be done with LDAP or SQL.

/etc/postfix/
main.cf:
    
smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
        
check_sender_access hash:/etc/postfix/restricted_senders
        ...other stuff...

    
smtpd_restriction_classes = local_only
    local_only = 
        
check_recipient_access hash:/etc/postfix/local_domains, reject

/etc/postfix/restricted_senders:
    [email protected]      local_only
    [email protected]      local_only

/etc/postfix/local_domains:
    this.domain     OK      matches this.domain and subdomains
    that.domain     OK      matches that.domain and subdomains

Specify dbm instead of hash if your system uses dbm files instead of db files. To find out what map types Postfix supports, use the command postconf -m.

Note: this scheme does not authenticate the user, and therefore it can be bypassed in several ways:

  • By sending mail via a less restrictive mail relay host.

  • By sending mail as someone else who does have permission to send mail to off-site destinations.

Postfix Documentation
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