Postfix and NFS
This question was asked on the postfix-users mailing list a
Also, what considerations are there for file
locking or other potential problems when running Postfix with a
Netapp-style box for /var/mail delivery? I know that FreeBSD has
broken NFS file locking (both client and server?) but I'm not sure
if this is something Postfix can work around or not.
Postfix jumps several hoops in order to deal with NFS-specific
problems. Thus, Postfix on NFS is slightly less reliable than
Postfix on a local disk. That is not a problem in Postfix; the
problem is in NFS and affects other MTAs as well.
For queue locking within Postfix, NFS is not an issue because
you cannot share Postfix queues among multiple Postfix instances.
In order to have mailbox locking over NFS, you have to configure
everything to use fcntl() locks for mailbox access (or switch to
maildir style, which needs no application-level lock controls).
To turn on fcntl() mailbox locks with Postfix you specify:
virtual_mailbox_lock = fcntl
mailbox_delivery_lock = fcntl
Obviously, this approach is useful only if all other mailbox
access software also uses fcntl() locks.
You can also "play safe" and throw in username.lock files:
virtual_mailbox_lock = fcntl, dotlock
mailbox_delivery_lock = fcntl, dotlock
This is the combination that many applications end up using.