To follow along with this and future examples, create a new directory
called practice containing files called blues, folk
and jazz. The files can contain any information you like:
ideally, they should contain information which relates to their names,
and be of different lengths. Our examples assume that practice
is a subdirectory of your home directory.
Now cd to the directory named practice; practice
is now your working directory. (Please note: Although
the full path name of this directory is
/homedir/practice, in our examples we will refer to
this directory as practice; the homedir is presumed.
In general, you should check that the files to be archived exist where
you think they do (in the working directory) by running ls.
Because you just created the directory and the files and have changed to
that directory, you probably don't need to do that this time.
It is very important to make sure there isn't already a file in the
working directory with the archive name you intend to use (in this case,
‘collection.tar’), or that you don't care about its contents.
Whenever you use ‘create’, tar will erase the current
contents of the file named by --file=archive-name (-f archive-name) if it exists. tar
will not tell you if you are about to overwrite an archive unless you
specify an option which does this (see backup, for the
information on how to do so). To add files to an existing archive,
you need to use a different option, such as --append (-r); see
append for information on how to do this.
Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License