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Next: , Up: Text


30.1 Words

Emacs has commands for moving over or operating on words. By convention, the keys for them are all Meta characters.

M-f
Move forward over a word (forward-word).
M-b
Move backward over a word (backward-word).
M-d
Kill up to the end of a word (kill-word).
M-<DEL>
Kill back to the beginning of a word (backward-kill-word).
[email protected]
Mark the end of the next word (mark-word).
M-t
Transpose two words or drag a word across other words (transpose-words).

Notice how these keys form a series that parallels the character-based C-f, C-b, C-d, <DEL> and C-t. [email protected] is cognate to [email protected], which is an alias for C-<SPC>.

The commands M-f (forward-word) and M-b (backward-word) move forward and backward over words. These Meta characters are thus analogous to the corresponding control characters, C-f and C-b, which move over single characters in the text. The analogy extends to numeric arguments, which serve as repeat counts. M-f with a negative argument moves backward, and M-b with a negative argument moves forward. Forward motion stops right after the last letter of the word, while backward motion stops right before the first letter.

M-d (kill-word) kills the word after point. To be precise, it kills everything from point to the place M-f would move to. Thus, if point is in the middle of a word, M-d kills just the part after point. If some punctuation comes between point and the next word, it is killed along with the word. (If you wish to kill only the next word but not the punctuation before it, simply do M-f to get the end, and kill the word backwards with M-<DEL>.) M-d takes arguments just like M-f.

M-<DEL> (backward-kill-word) kills the word before point. It kills everything from point back to where M-b would move to. If point is after the space in ‘FOO, BAR’, then ‘FOO, ’ is killed. (If you wish to kill just ‘FOO’, and not the comma and the space, use M-b M-d instead of M-<DEL>.)

M-t (transpose-words) exchanges the word before or containing point with the following word. The delimiter characters between the words do not move. For example, ‘FOO, BAR’ transposes into ‘BAR, FOO’ rather than ‘BAR FOO,’. See Transpose, for more on transposition and on arguments to transposition commands.

To operate on the next n words with an operation which applies between point and mark, you can either set the mark at point and then move over the words, or you can use the command [email protected] (mark-word) which does not move point, but sets the mark where M-f would move to. [email protected] accepts a numeric argument that says how many words to scan for the place to put the mark. In Transient Mark mode, this command activates the mark.

The word commands' understanding of syntax is completely controlled by the syntax table. Any character can, for example, be declared to be a word delimiter. See Syntax.


 
 
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