19.7 Horizontal Scrolling
Horizontal scrolling means shifting all the lines sideways
within a window—so that some of the text near the left margin is not
displayed at all. When the text in a window is scrolled horizontally,
text lines are truncated rather than continued (see Display Custom). Whenever a window shows truncated lines, Emacs
automatically updates its horizontal scrolling whenever point moves
off the left or right edge of the screen. You can also use these
commands to do explicit horizontal scrolling.
- C-x <
- Scroll text in current window to the left (
- C-x >
- Scroll to the right (
The command C-x < (
scroll-left) scrolls the selected
window to the left by n columns with argument n. This moves
part of the beginning of each line off the left edge of the window.
With no argument, it scrolls by almost the full width of the window (two
columns less, to be precise).
C-x > (
scroll-right) scrolls similarly to the right. The
window cannot be scrolled any farther to the right once it is displayed
normally (with each line starting at the window's left margin);
attempting to do so has no effect. This means that you don't have to
calculate the argument precisely for C-x >; any sufficiently large
argument will restore the normal display.
If you use those commands to scroll a window horizontally, that sets
a lower bound for automatic horizontal scrolling. Automatic scrolling
will continue to scroll the window, but never farther to the right
than the amount you previously set by
The value of the variable
hscroll-margin controls how close
to the window's edges point is allowed to get before the window will
be automatically scrolled. It is measured in columns. If the value
is 5, then moving point within 5 columns of the edge causes horizontal
scrolling away from that edge.
hscroll-step determines how many columns to
scroll the window when point gets too close to the edge. If it's
zero, horizontal scrolling centers point horizontally within the
window. If it's a positive integer, it specifies the number of
columns to scroll by. If it's a floating-point number, it specifies
the fraction of the window's width to scroll by. The default is zero.
To disable automatic horizontal scrolling, set the variable