38.1 Entering Dired
To invoke Dired, do C-x d or M-x dired. The command
reads a directory name or wildcard file name pattern as a minibuffer
argument to specify which files to list. C-x C-f given a
directory name also invokes Dired. Where
dired differs from
list-directory is that it puts the buffer into Dired mode, so
that the special commands of Dired are available.
dired-listing-switches specifies the options to
ls for listing the directory; this string must contain
‘-l’. If you use a numeric prefix argument with the
command, you can specify the
ls switches with the minibuffer
before you enter the directory specification. No matter how they are
ls switches should all be short options (that
is, single characters) requiring no arguments.
To display the Dired buffer in another window rather than in the
selected window, use C-x 4 d (
of C-x d. C-x 5 d (
dired-other-frame) uses a
separate frame to display the Dired buffer.