Follow Techotopia on Twitter

On-line Guides
All Guides
eBook Store
iOS / Android
Linux for Beginners
Office Productivity
Linux Installation
Linux Security
Linux Utilities
Linux Virtualization
Linux Kernel
System/Network Admin
Programming
Scripting Languages
Development Tools
Web Development
GUI Toolkits/Desktop
Databases
Mail Systems
openSolaris
Eclipse Documentation
Techotopia.com
Virtuatopia.com

How To Guides
Virtualization
General System Admin
Linux Security
Linux Filesystems
Web Servers
Graphics & Desktop
PC Hardware
Windows
Problem Solutions
Privacy Policy

  




 

 

Previous: C Indent, Up: Program Indent


31.3.5 Customizing C Indentation

C mode and related modes use a flexible mechanism for customizing indentation. C mode indents a source line in two steps: first it classifies the line syntactically according to its contents and context; second, it determines the indentation offset associated by your selected style with the syntactic construct and adds this onto the indentation of the anchor statement.

C-c . <RET> style <RET>
Select a predefined style style (c-set-style).

A style is a named collection of customizations that can be used in C mode and the related modes. Styles, for a complete description. Emacs comes with several predefined styles, including gnu, k&r, bsd, stroustrup, linux, python, java, whitesmith, ellemtel, and awk. Some of these styles are primarily intended for one language, but any of them can be used with any of the languages supported by these modes. To find out what a style looks like, select it and reindent some code, e.g., by typing <C-M-q> at the start of a function definition.

To choose a style for the current buffer, use the command C-c .. Specify a style name as an argument (case is not significant). This command affects the current buffer only, and it affects only future invocations of the indentation commands; it does not reindent the code already in the buffer. To reindent the whole buffer in the new style, you can type C-x h C-M-\.

You can also set the variable c-default-style to specify the default style for various major modes. Its value should be either the style's name (a string) or an alist, in which each element specifies one major mode and which indentation style to use for it. For example,

     (setq c-default-style
           '((java-mode . "java") (awk-mode . "awk") (other . "gnu")))

specifies explicit choices for Java and AWK modes, and the default ‘gnu’ style for the other C-like modes. (These settings are actually the defaults.) This variable takes effect when you select one of the C-like major modes; thus, if you specify a new default style for Java mode, you can make it take effect in an existing Java mode buffer by typing M-x java-mode there.

The gnu style specifies the formatting recommended by the GNU Project for C; it is the default, so as to encourage use of our recommended style.

See Indentation Engine Basics, and Customizing Indentation, for more information on customizing indentation for C and related modes, including how to override parts of an existing style and how to define your own styles.


 
 
  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire