9.3.4 Completion Options
When completion is done on file names, certain file names are usually
ignored. The variable
completion-ignored-extensions contains a
list of strings; a file whose name ends in any of those strings is
ignored as a possible completion. The standard value of this variable
has several elements including
"~". The effect is that, for example, ‘foo’ can
complete to ‘foo.c’ even though ‘foo.o’ exists as well.
However, if all the possible completions end in “ignored”
strings, then they are not ignored. Ignored extensions do not apply to
lists of completions—those always mention all possible completions.
If an element of the list in
in a slash /, it indicates a subdirectory that should be ignored
when completing file names. (Elements of
completion-ignored-extensions which do not end in a slash are
never considered when a completion candidate is a directory; thus,
completion returns directories whose names end in .elc even
though there's an element
".elc" in the list.)
Normally, a completion command that cannot determine even one
additional character automatically displays a list of all possible
completions. If the variable
completion-auto-help is set to
nil, this automatic display is disabled, so you must type
? to display the list of completions.
Partial Completion mode implements a more powerful kind of
completion that can complete multiple words in parallel. For example,
it can complete the command name abbreviation
print-buffer, because no other command starts with two words
whose initials are ‘p’ and ‘b’.
Partial completion of directories in file names uses ‘*’ to
indicate the places for completion; thus, /u*/b*/f* might
complete to /usr/bin/foo.
To enable this mode, use the command M-x
partial-completion-mode, or customize the variable
partial-completion-mode. This binds the partial completion
commands to <TAB>, <SPC>, <RET>, and ?. The usual
completion commands are available on M-<TAB> (or
C-M-i), M-<SPC>, M-<RET> and M-?.
Another feature of Partial Completion mode is to extend
find-file so that ‘<include>’ stands for the
file named include in some directory in the path
PC-include-file-path. If you set
nil, this feature is disabled.
Icomplete mode presents a constantly-updated display that tells you
what completions are available for the text you've entered so far. The
command to enable or disable this minor mode is M-x