7.3. Monitoring Users
Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean they
AREN'T out to get you... Source Unknown
From time to time there are going to be occasions where you will
want to know exactly what people are doing on your system. Maybe you
notice that a lot of RAM is being used, or a lot of CPU activity.
You are going to want to see who is on the system, what they are
running, and what kind of resources they are using.
7.3.1. The who command
The easiest way to see who is on the system is to do a
who or w. The -->
who is a simple tool that lists out who is logged -->
on the system and what port or terminal they are logged on at.
[email protected]:~> who
bjones pts/0 May 23 09:33
wally pts/3 May 20 11:35
aweeks pts/1 May 22 11:03
aweeks pts/2 May 23 15:04
7.3.2. The ps command -again!
In the previous section we can see that user aweeks is logged
onto both pts/1 and pts/2,
but what if we want to see what they are doing? We could to a
ps -u aweeks and get the following output
[email protected]:~> ps -u aweeks
20876 pts/1 00:00:00 bash
20904 pts/2 00:00:00 bash
20951 pts/2 00:00:00 ssh
21012 pts/1 00:00:00 ps
From this we can see that the user is doing a ps
This is a much more consolidated use of the
ps than discussed previously.
7.3.3. The w command
Even easier than using the who and
ps -u commands is to use the w.
w will print out not only who is on the system,
but also the commands they are running.
[email protected]:~> w
aweeks :0 09:32 ?xdm? 30:09 0.02s -:0
aweeks pts/0 09:33 5:49m 0.00s 0.82s kdeinit: kded
aweeks pts/2 09:35 8.00s 0.55s 0.36s vi sag-0.9.sgml
aweeks pts/1 15:03 59.00s 0.03s 0.03s /bin/bash
From this we can see that I have a kde session
running, I'm working in this document :-), and have another terminal
open sitting idle at a bash prompt.
7.3.4. The skill command
To Be Added
7.3.5. nice and renice
To Be Added