- http_port 80
The option http_port specifies the port number where Squid will listen for HTTP client requests. If you set this option to port 80, the client will have the illusion of being connected
to the Apache Web Server. Since we are running Squid in accelerator mode, we must listen on port 80.
- icp_port 0
The option icp_port specifies the port number where Squid will sends and receive ICP requests from neighboring caches. We must set the value of this option to 0 to disable it, since we
are configuring Squid to be in accelerator mode for the Web Server. The ICP feature is needed only in a multi-level cache environment with multiple siblings and parent caches. Using ICP
in an accelerator mode configuration would add unwanted overhead to Squid.
- acl QUERY urlpath_regex cgi-bin \? and no_cache deny QUERY
The options acl QUERY urlpath_regex cgi-bin \? and no_cache deny QUERY are used to force certain objects to never be cached, like files under cgi-bin directory. This
is a security feature.
- cache_mem 16 MB
The option cache_mem specifies the amount of memory;
RAM, to be used for caching the so called:
This is an optimization feature. It's important to note that Squid can uses much more memory than the value you specify in this parameter, and for this reason if you have 48 MB free for Squid, you must put 48/3 = 16 MB here.
- cache_dir ufs /cache 200 16 256
The option cache_dir specifies in this order:
which kind of storage system to use; ufs,
the name of the cache directory; /cache for Squid,
the disk space in megabytes to use under this directory 200 Mbytes,
the number of first-level subdirectories to be created under the cache directory; 16 Level-1,
and the number of second-level subdirectories to be created under each first-level cache directory; 256 Level-2.
In accelerator mode, this option is directly related to the size and number of files that you want to serve with your Apache web server.
- emulate_httpd_log on
The option emulate_httpd_log, if set to ON, specifies that Squid should emulate the log file format of the Apache web server. This is very useful if you want to use a third party program like Webalizer
to analyze the Web Server httpd log file.
- redirect_rewrites_host_header off
The option redirect_rewrites_host_header, if set to OFF, tells Squid to not rewrites any Host: header in redirected requests. It's recommended to set this option to OFF if you are running Squid
in accelerator mode.
- replacement_policy GDSF
The option replacement_policy specifies the cache policy Squid will use to determine which objects in the cache must be replaced when the proxy need to make disk space. The Squid LRU policy is used by default if you
have not specified the --enable-heap-replacement option during compile time. In our configuration, we choose the GDSF -Greedy-Dual Size Frequency policy as our default policy. See
https://www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/1999/HPL-1999-69.html and https://fog.hpl.external.hp.com/techreports/98/HPL-98-173.html for more information.
- acl all src 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0 and http_access allow all
The options acl and http_access specify and define an access control list to be applied on the proxy server Squid. Our acl and http_access options are not restricted, and
allow every one to connect on the proxy server since we use this proxy to accelerate the public Apache Web Server. See your Squid documentation for more information when using Squid in non-accelerator mode.
- cache_mgr admin
The option cache_mgr specify the email-address of the administrator responsible for the Squid proxy server. This person is the one who will receive mail if Squid encounter problems. You can specify the name or the
complete email address in this option.
- cache_effective_user squid and cache_effective_group squid
The options cache_effective_user and cache_effective_group specify the UID/GID that the cache will run on. Don't forget to never run Squid as root. In our
configuration we use the UID squid and the GID squid.
- httpd_accel_host 220.127.116.11 and httpd_accel_port 80
The options httpd_accel_host and httpd_accel_port specify to Squid the IP address and port number where the real HTTP Server i.e. Apache is. In
our configuration, the real HTTP Web Server is on the IP address 18.104.22.168, www.openna.com and on port (80). www.openna.com is
another host name on our network, and since the Squid Proxy Server doesn't reside on the same host of Apache HTTP Web Server, we can use port (80) for our Squid Proxy Server, and port (80) for our Apache Web
Server, and the illusion is perfect.
- log_icp_queries off
The option log_icp_queries specifies if you want ICP; ICP is used to exchange hints about the existence of URLs in neighbor caches queries
to be logged to the access.log file or not. Since we don't use the ICP feature in Squid accelerator mode, we can safely set this option to OFF.
- cachemgr_passwd my-secret-pass all
The option cachemgr_passwd specifies a password that will be required for accessing the operations of the cachemgr.cgi program utility. This CGI utility program is designed to run
through a web interface and outputs statistics about the Squid configuration and performance. The my-secret-pass is the password that you have chosen, and the keyword all specifies to set this
password to be the same for all actions you can perform with this program. See The cachemgr.cgi program utility of Squid, below in this chapter for more information.
- buffered_logs on
The option buffered_logs, if turned ON, can speed up the writing of some log files slightly. This is an optimization feature.