6.5 What is a Debian conffile?
Conffiles is a list of configuration files (usually placed in
/etc) that the package management system will not overwrite when
the package is upgraded. This ensures that local values for the contents of
these files will be preserved, and is a critical feature enabling the in-place
upgrade of packages on a running system.
To determine exactly which files are preserved during an upgrade, run:
dpkg --status package
And look under "Conffiles:".