3.7 How should I install a non-Debian program?
Files under the directory /usr/local/ are not under the control of
the Debian package management system. Therefore, it is good practice to place
the source code for your program in /usr/local/src/. For example, you might
extract the files for a package named "foo.tar" into the directory
/usr/local/src/foo. After you compile them, place the binaries in
/usr/local/bin/, the libraries in /usr/local/lib/,
and the configuration files in /usr/local/etc/.
If your programs and/or files really must be placed in some other directory,
you could still store them in /usr/local/, and build the
appropriate symbolic links from the required location to its location in
/usr/local/, e.g., you could make the link
ln -s /usr/local/bin/foo /usr/bin/foo
In any case, if you obtain a package whose copyright allows redistribution, you
should consider making a Debian package of it, and uploading it for the Debian
system. Guidelines for becoming a package developer are included in the Debian
Policy manual (see
documentation exists on and for a Debian system?, Section 11.1).