This is a list of the primary Red Hat Linux
system directories. Each directory is described briefly. For additional
directory information, refer to the Red Hat Linux Customization Guide and the
Red Hat Linux Reference Guide.
/bin/ — Used to store user commands. The
directory /usr/bin/ also stores user commands.
/sbin/ — Location of many system commands,
such as shutdown. The directory
/usr/sbin/ also contains many system commands.
/root/ — The home directory of root, the
/mnt/ — This directory typically contains
the mount points for file systems mounted after the system is
booted. For example, the default CD-ROM mount point is
/boot/ — Contains the kernel and other files
used during system startup.
/lost+found/ — Used by
fsck to place orphaned files (files without names).
/lib/ — Contains many library files used
by programs in /bin/ and
/sbin/. The directory /usr/lib/
contains more library files for user applications.
/dev/ — Stores device files.
/etc/ — Contains configuration files and
/var/ — For
variable (or constantly changing) files, such as
log files and the printer spool.
/usr/ — Contains files and directories directly
relating to users of the system, such as programs and supporting library
/proc/ — A virtual file system (not actually
stored on the disk) that contains system information used by certain programs.
/initrd/ — A directory that is used to
mount the initrd.img image file and load needed
device modules during bootup.
Do not delete the
/initrd/ directory. You will be unable to boot
your computer if you delete the directory and then reboot your Red Hat Linux
/tmp/ — The temporary directory for users
and programs. /tmp/ allows all users on a system
read and write access.
/home/ — Default location of user home
/opt/ — Directory where optional files
and programs are stored. This directory is used mainly by third-party
developers for easy installation and uninstallation of their software