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The firewall built into Fedora Core checks every incoming and outgoing network connection on your machine against a set of rules. These rules specify which types of connections are permitted and which are denied.

By default the firewall is enabled, with a simple set of rules that allow connections to be made from your system to others, but permit only network browsing and SSH (Secure SHell) connections from other systems. You may make changes on this screen to allow access to specific network services on your Fedora system.

	    Firewall screen.

Figure 13.3. Firewall Screen

To enable access to the services listed on this screen, click the check box next to the service name.

[Important] SSH Provides Immediate Remote Access

All Fedora systems automatically run the SSH remote access service. The default firewall configuration allows connections to this service, to ensure that administrators have immediate remote access to new systems through the user and root accounts.

To enable access to other services, select Other ports , and Add the details. Use the Port(s) field to specify either the port number, or the registered name of the service. Select the relevant Protocol from the drop-down. The majority of services use the TCP protocol.

[Tip] The Services List

The services file on every system lists the port numbers and names of services that are registered with the Internet Assigned Names Authority (IANA). Fedora systems hold this file in the directory /etc.

If a service uses more than one port number, enter each port. For example, an IMAP service enables users to access their e-mail from another system with either a standard connection to TCP port 143, or with an encrypted connection to TCP port 993. To permit IMAP connections to your system, add imap or port number 143 , and imaps , or port number 993 , for IMAP with SSL encryption.

Avoid disabling the firewall. If you believe that it is necessary to do so, select No firewall .

[Tip] Changing the Firewall Settings

To change these settings later, choose System -> Administration -> Security Level and Firewall .

  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire