The first step in using
iptables is to start the
iptables service. Use the following command to start the
[[email protected] ~] # service iptables start
ip6tables service can be turned off if you intend to use the
iptables service only. If you deactivate the
ip6tables service, remember to deactivate the IPv6 network also. Never leave a network device active without the matching firewall.
iptables to start by default when the system is booted, use the following command:
[[email protected] ~] # chkconfig --level 345 iptables on
iptables to start whenever the system is booted into runlevel 3, 4, or 5.
220.127.116.11. IPTables Command Syntax
The following sample
iptables command illustrates the basic command syntax:
[[email protected] ~ ] # iptables -A
-A option specifies that the rule be appended to <chain>. Each chain is comprised of one or more rules, and is therefore also known as a ruleset.
The three built-in chains are INPUT, OUTPUT, and FORWARD. These chains are permanent and cannot be deleted. The chain specifies the point at which a packet is manipulated.
option specifies the target of the rule; i.e., what to do if the packet matches the rule. Examples of built-in targets are ACCEPT, DROP, and REJECT.
Refer to the
iptables man page for more information on the available chains, options, and targets.