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Databases - Practical PostgreSQL
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DELETE

Name

DELETE -- Removes rows from a table.

Synopsis

  DELETE FROM [ ONLY ] 
table
 [ WHERE 
condition
 ]

Parameters

table

The name of the table from which you are deleting rows.

condition

The condition that identifies rows to be deleted. This is just like the WHERE clause of a SELECT query; refer to SELECT" for more information on constructing conditions. Note that not providing a WHERE condition will cause all rows to be deleted from a table.

Results

DELETE count

The message returned if the deletion of any rows is successful. The count is the number of rows that were removed from the table. If that number is 0, then either no rows met the specified condition, or there were no rows in the table to be removed.

Description

Use DELETE to remove rows from a table. Only rows that match a condition you specify will be deleted. To delete all rows from a table, do not specify a condition. Issuing a DELETE with no condition results in all rows being deleted from the target table. You are then be left with an empty table.

Note: Use TRUNCATE to empty a table more efficiently than with an unconditional DELETE statement.

Use the ONLY clause to prevent the deletion of rows from tables that inherit from the target table. ONLY restricts the delete operation to only the target table. Otherwise, the delete operation will affect not only the target table, but all tables that inherit from it.

Example

The following syntax removes all shipped orders from the shipments table that were placed by customer ID 142, and that were shipped before August 7, 2001:

booktown=# 
DELETE FROM shipments

booktown-# 
       WHERE customer_id = 142

booktown-# 
       AND ship_date < '2001-08-07';

DELETE 1
Databases - Practical PostgreSQL
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