NOTE: CentOS Enterprise Linux is built from the Red Hat Enterprise Linux source code. Other than logo and name changes CentOS Enterprise Linux is compatible with the equivalent Red Hat version. This document applies equally to both Red Hat and CentOS Enterprise Linux.
This section includes various resources that can be used to
learn more about resource monitoring and the Red Hat Enterprise
Linux-specific subject matter discussed in this chapter.
The following resources are installed in the course of a typical
Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation.
free(1) man page — Learn how to
display free and used memory statistics.
top(1) man page — Learn how to
display CPU utilization and process-level statistics.
watch(1) man page — Learn how to
periodically execute a user-specified program, displaying
GNOME System Monitor Help menu entry — Learn how to graphically
display process, CPU, memory, and disk space utilization
vmstat(8) man page — Learn how to
display a concise overview of process, memory, swap, I/O, system,
and CPU utilization.
iostat(1) man page — Learn how to
display CPU and I/O statistics.
mpstat(1) man page — Learn how to
display individual CPU statistics on multiprocessor systems.
sadc(8) man page — Learn how to
collects system utilization data.
sa1(8) man page — Learn about a
script that runs sadc periodically.
sar(1) man page — Learn how to
produce system resource utilization reports.
sa2(8) man page — Learn how to
produce daily system resource utilization report files.
nice(1) man page — Learn how to
change process scheduling priority.
oprofile(1) man page — Learn how
to profile system performance.
op_visualise(1) man page — Learn
how to graphically display OProfile data.
— System Tuning Info for Linux Servers. A
stream-of-consciousness approach to performance tuning and resource
monitoring for servers.
— Performance Monitoring Tools for Linux. This Linux Journal
page is geared more toward the administrator interested in writing
a customized performance graphing solution. Written several years
ago, some of the details may no longer apply, but the overall
concept and execution are sound.
https://oprofile.sourceforge.net/ — OProfile
project website. Includes valuable OProfile resources, including
pointers to mailing lists and the #oprofile IRC channel.
The following books discuss various issues related to resource
monitoring and are good resources for Red Hat Enterprise Linux
The Red Hat Enterprise Linux System
Administration Guide; Red Hat, Inc. — Includes
information on many of the resource monitoring tools described
here, including OProfile.
Linux Performance Tuning and Capacity
Planning by Jason R. Fink and Matthew D. Sherer; Sams —
Provides more in-depth overviews of the resource monitoring tools
presented here and includes others that might be appropriate for
more specific resource monitoring needs.
Red Hat Linux Security and Optimization
by Mohammed J. Kabir; Red Hat Press — Approximately the first
150 pages of this book discuss performance-related issues. This
includes chapters dedicated to performance issues specific to
network, Web, email, and file servers.
Linux Administration Handbook by Evi
Nemeth, Garth Snyder, and Trent R. Hein; Prentice Hall —
Provides a short chapter similar in scope to this book, but
includes an interesting section on diagnosing a system that has
suddenly slowed down.
Linux System Administration: A User's
Guide by Marcel Gagne; Addison Wesley Professional —
Contains a small chapter on performance monitoring and tuning.