Here are a few keyboard shortcuts you can use to perform common
tasks quickly. Many more are available in addition to what is
listed here. For more command line and keyboard shortcuts,
[Ctrl] + [Alt] + [Backspace] =
kills your current X session. Kills your graphical desktop session
and returns you to the login screen. Use this if the normal exit
procedure does not work.
[Ctrl] + [Alt] + [Delete] = From
a non-graphical shell prompt, shuts down your Red Hat Enterprise
Linux system. Use only when the normal shutdown procedure does not
work. In a graphical desktop session, this shortcut displays the
desktop logout screen that allows you to logout, reboot, or shut
down your system.
[Ctrl] + >[Alt] > + [Fn] =
switches screens. [Ctrl] +[Alt] + one of the function keys displays an
available screen. By default, [F1]
through [F6] are text-mode shell prompt
screens and [F7] is the graphical
[Alt] + [Tab] = switches tasks in a graphical desktop
environment. If you have more than one application open at a time,
you can use [Alt] + [Tab] to switch among open tasks and
[Ctrl] + [a] = moves cursor to the beginning of a line. This
works in most text editors and in the URL field in Mozilla.
[Ctrl] + [d] = logout of (and close) shell prompt. Use this
quick shortcut instead of typing exit or
[Ctrl] + [e] = moves cursor to end of a line. This works in
most text editors and in the URL field in Mozilla.
[Ctrl] + [l] = clears the terminal. This shortcut does the
same thing as typing clear at a command
[Ctrl] + [u] = clears the current line. If you are working
in a terminal, use this shortcut to clear the current line from the
cursor all the way to the beginning of the line.
[Middle Mouse Button] = pastes
highlighted text. Use the left mouse button to highlight the text.
Point the cursor to the spot where you want it pasted. Click the
middle mouse button to paste it. In a system with a two-button
mouse, if you configured your mouse to emulate a third mouse
button, you can click both the left and right mouse buttons
simultaneously to perform a paste.
[Tab] = command autocomplete. Use
this command when using a shell prompt. Type the first few
characters of a command or filename and then press the [Tab] key. It will automatically complete the
command or show all commands that match the characters you
[Up] and [Down] Arrow = shows command history. When using a
shell prompt, press the [up] or
[down] arrow to scroll through a
history of commands you have typed from the current directory. When
you see the command you want to use, press [Enter] .