8.6. Managing Print Jobs
When you send a print job to the printer daemon, such as printing text
file from Emacs or printing an image from
The GIMP, the print job is added to the print
spool queue. The print spool queue is a list of print jobs that have
been sent to the printer and information about each print request, such
as the status of the request, the username of the person who sent the
request, the hostname of the system that sent the request, the job
number, and more.
If you are running a graphical desktop environment, click the
Printer Manager icon on the panel to start the
GNOME Print Manager as shown in Figure 8-7.
Figure 8-7. GNOME Print Manager
It can also be started by selecting (on
the Panel) => =>
To change the printer settings, right-click on the icon for the printer and
select Properties. The
Printer Configuration Tool is then started.
Double-click on a configured printer to view the print spool queue as shown
in Figure 8-8.
Figure 8-8. List of Print Jobs
To cancel a specific print job listed in the GNOME Print
Manager, select it from the list and select
from the pulldown menu.
If there are active print jobs in the print spool, a printer notification
icon might appears in the Panel Notification Area of
the desktop panel as shown in Figure 8-9. Because it probes for active print
jobs every five seconds, the icon might not be displayed for short print
Figure 8-9. Printer Notification Icon
Clicking on the printer notification icon starts the GNOME
Print Manager to display a list of current print jobs.
Also located on the Panel is a Print Manager icon. To
print a file from Nautilus, browse to the
location of the file and drag and drop it on to the Print
Manager icon on the Panel. The window shown in Figure 8-10 is displayed. Click OK to
start printing the file.
Figure 8-10. Print Verification Window
To view the list of print jobs in the print spool from a shell prompt,
type the command lpq. The last few lines will look
similar to the following:
Rank Owner/ID Class Job Files Size Time
active [email protected]+902 A 902 sample.txt 2050 01:20:46
Example 8-1. Example of lpq output
If you want to cancel a print job, find the job number of the request
with the command lpq and then use the command
lprm job number. For
example, lprm 902 would cancel the print job in
Example 8-1. You must have proper permissions to cancel
a print job. You can not cancel print jobs that were started by other
users unless you are logged in as root on the machine to which the printer
You can also print a file directly from a shell prompt. For example, the
command lpr sample.txt will print the text file
sample.txt. The print filter determines what type
of file it is and converts it a format the printer can understand.