Chapter 2. Fire up the GIMP
Most often, you start GIMP either by clicking on an icon (if your system
is set up to provide you with one), or by typing gimp
on a command line. If you have multiple versions of GIMP installed,
you may need to type gimp-2.6
to get the latest version. You can, if you want, give a list of image
files on the command line after the program name, and they will
automatically be opened by GIMP as it starts. It is also possible, though,
to open files from within GIMP once it is running.
In most operating systems, you can set things up so that various
types of image files are “associated” with GIMP, and cause
it to start automatically when icons for them are double-clicked.
The GIMP is the most widely supported image
manipulation available today. The platforms that The
GIMP is known to work on include:
Apple Mac OS X™,
The GIMP can easily be ported to other
operating systems because of its source code availability. For further
information visit the GIMP developers homepage.
All being well, GIMP detects the system language. This may fail on some
machines and you may want use another language. It is possible to change
In LINUX: in console mode,
LANGUAGE=en gimp or
replacing en by fr, de, ... according to the language you
want. Background: By using
you're setting an environment variable for the executed
System Variables” area:
button: Enter LANG for Name and fr or
de... for Value. Watch out! You have to click on three successive
to validate your choice.
→ → →
button in “
If you often change language, you can create a batch file. Open
NotePad. Type the following commands (for french for instance):
Save this file as
GIMP-FR.BAT (or another
name, but always with a
.BAT extension). Create
shortcut and drag it to your desktop.
Then and select the
language you want in the dropping list that shows up.
Apple Mac OS X
Go to System Preferences, click on the International icon, and in
the Language tab, the desired language should be the first in the
Another GIMP instance
You can have a new GIMP instance by running the command line with
gimp-2.6 for GIMP in your
LANGUAGE=en gimp-2.6 -n to
have GIMP in English also. This is useful for translators.
1.3. Command Line Arguments
Ordinarily you don't need to give any arguments when starting
GIMP, but here is a list of some that may at one time or another be
useful. This is not a complete list; on Unix systems you can get
a complete list by running
man gimp in a
To use the command line options, you have to put them in the command
line which you use to start GIMP as
gimp-2.6 [OPTION...] [FILE|URI...].
Display a list of all commandline options.
Show all help options.
Show GTK+ Options.
Print the version of GIMP being used, and exit.
Show license information and exit
Show detailed start-up messages.
Start a new GIMP instance.
Open images as new.
Run without a user interface.
Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes, or brushes. Often
useful in non-interactive situations where start-up time is to be
Do not load any fonts. This option could be
useful either for speeding up GIMP start-up for scripts that
does not use fonts or to find malformed fonts related problems
that could hang GIMP.
Do not show the splash screen while starting.
Do not use shared memory between GIMP and
Do not use special CPU acceleration
functions. Useful for finding or disabling buggy accelerated
hardware or functions.
Use a different
sessionrc for this GIMP
session. The given session name is appended to the default
Use an alternative
gimprc instead of the
default one. The
gimprc file contains a
record of your preferences. Useful in cases where plugins paths
or machine specs may be different.
Use an alternate system gimprc file
Execute the set of commands non-interactively. The set of commands
is typically in the form of a script that can be executed by one
of the GIMP scripting extensions. When commands is
-, the commands are read from standard
The procedure to process batch commands with
Do not popup dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the
messages on the console instead.
PDB compatibility mode (off|on|warn).
Debug in case of a crash (never|query|always)
Enable non-fatal debugging signal
handlers. Useful for GIMP debugging.
Make all warnings fatal. Useful for debug.
Output a gimprc file with default
settings. Useful if you messed up the gimprc file.
Use the designated X display (does not apply to all platforms).