Follow Techotopia on Twitter

On-line Guides
All Guides
eBook Store
iOS / Android
Linux for Beginners
Office Productivity
Linux Installation
Linux Security
Linux Utilities
Linux Virtualization
Linux Kernel
System/Network Admin
Programming
Scripting Languages
Development Tools
Web Development
GUI Toolkits/Desktop
Databases
Mail Systems
openSolaris
Eclipse Documentation
Techotopia.com
Virtuatopia.com

How To Guides
Virtualization
General System Admin
Linux Security
Linux Filesystems
Web Servers
Graphics & Desktop
PC Hardware
Windows
Problem Solutions

  




 

 

Thinking in Java
Prev Contents / Index Next

Initializing fields in interfaces

Fields defined in interfaces are automatically static and final. These cannot be “blank finals,” but they can be initialized with nonconstant expressions. For example:

//: c08:RandVals.java
// Initializing interface fields with
// non-constant initializers.
import java.util.*;

public interface RandVals {
  Random rand = new Random();
  int randomInt = rand.nextInt(10);
  long randomLong = rand.nextLong() * 10;
  float randomFloat = rand.nextLong() * 10;
  double randomDouble = rand.nextDouble() * 10;
} ///:~


Since the fields are static, they are initialized when the class is first loaded, which happens when any of the fields are accessed for the first time. Here’s a simple test:

//: c08:TestRandVals.java
import com.bruceeckel.simpletest.*;

public class TestRandVals {
  private static Test monitor = new Test();
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println(RandVals.randomInt);
    System.out.println(RandVals.randomLong);
    System.out.println(RandVals.randomFloat);
    System.out.println(RandVals.randomDouble);
    monitor.expect(new String[] {
      "%% -?\\d+",
      "%% -?\\d+",
      "%% -?\\d\\.\\d+E?-?\\d+",
      "%% -?\\d\\.\\d+E?-?\\d+"
    });
  }
} ///:~


The fields, of course, are not part of the interface but instead are stored in the static storage area for that interface.
Thinking in Java
Prev Contents / Index Next


 
 
   Reproduced courtesy of Bruce Eckel, MindView, Inc. Design by Interspire