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Thinking in Java
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Exercises

Solutions to selected exercises can be found in the electronic document The Thinking in Java Annotated Solution Guide, available for a small fee from www.BruceEckel.com.

  1. Write a program that creates an ArrayList object without explicitly importing java.util.*.
  2. In the section labeled “package: the library unit,” turn the code fragments concerning mypackage into a compiling and running set of Java files.
  3. In the section labeled “Collisions,” take the code fragments and turn them into a program and verify that collisions do in fact occur. Generalize the class P defined in this chapter by adding all the overloaded versions of rint( ) and rintln( ) necessary to handle all the different basic Java types.
  4. Create a class with public, private, protected, and package-access fields and method members. Create an object of this class and see what kind of compiler messages you get when you try to access all the class members. Be aware that classes in the same directory are part of the “default” package.
  5. Create a class with protected data. Create a second class in the same file with a method that manipulates the protected data in the first class.
  6. Change the class Cookie as specified in the section labeled “protected: inheritance access.” Verify that bite( ) is not public.
  7. In the section titled “Class access” you’ll find code fragments describing mylib and Widget. Create this library, then create a Widget in a class that is not part of the mylib package.
  8. Create a new directory and edit your CLASSPATH to include that new directory. Copy the P.class file (produced by compiling com.bruceeckel.tools.P.java) to your new directory and then change the names of the file, the P class inside, and the method names. (You might also want to add additional output to watch how it works.) Create another program in a different directory that uses your new class.
  9. Following the form of the example Lunch.java, create a class called ConnectionManager that manages a fixed array of Connection objects. The client programmer must not be able to explicitly create Connection objects, but can only get them via a static method in ConnectionManager. When the ConnectionManager runs out of objects, it returns a null reference. Test the classes in main( ).
  10. Create the following file in the c05/local directory (presumably in your CLASSPATH):
// c05:local:PackagedClass.java
package c05.local;
class PackagedClass {
  public PackagedClass() {
    System.out.println("Creating a packaged class");
  }
}


Then create the following file in a directory other than c05:

// c05:foreign:Foreign.java
package c05.foreign;
import c05.local.*;
public class Foreign {
   public static void main (String[] args) {
      PackagedClass pc = new PackagedClass();
   }
}


Explain why the compiler generates an error. Would making the Foreign class part of the c05.local package change anything?


[26] There’s nothing in Java that forces the use of an interpreter. There exist native-code Java compilers that generate a single executable file.

[27] When referring to the environment variable, capital letters will be used (CLASSPATH).

[28] There’s another effect in this case: Since the default constructor is the only one defined, and it’s private, it will prevent inheritance of this class. (A subject that will be introduced in Chapter 6.)

[29] However, people often refer to implementation hiding alone as encapsulation.

[30] Actually, an inner class can be private or protected, but that’s a special case. These will be introduced in Chapter 7.

Thinking in Java
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   Reproduced courtesy of Bruce Eckel, MindView, Inc. Design by Interspire