Java access specifiers
When used, the Java access specifiers public, protected, and private are placed in front of each definition for each member in your class, whether its a field or a method. Each access specifier controls the access for only that particular definition. This is a distinct contrast to C++, in which the access specifier controls all the definitions following it until another access specifier comes along.
One way or another, everything has some kind of access specified for it. In the following sections, youll learn all about the various types of access, starting with the default access.