You must create
all the objects
When you create a reference, you want to connect it with a new object. You do so, in general, with the new keyword. The keyword new says, Make me a new one of these objects. So in the preceding example, you can say:
String s = new String("asdf");
Not only does this mean Make me a new String, but it also gives information about how to make the String by supplying an initial character string.
Of course, String is not the only type that exists. Java comes with a plethora of ready-made types. Whats more important is that you can create your own types. In fact, thats the fundamental activity in Java programming, and its what youll be learning about in the rest of this book.