1.14 Configuration of the Installed System
The system is now installed, but not yet configured for use. The
hardware, the network and other services are not set up, yet. If you
follow the default installation path, the system will be automatically
configured. If you have deselected the
, the manual system configuration starts.
1.14.1 Automatic Configuration
Having rebooted, the system starts the Automatic Configuration. This
routine attempts to configure your network and Internet access and sets
up your hardware. The whole process does not need any interaction. You
can change the settings made by the Automatic Configuration at any time
in the installed system with YaST. Continue with
Section 1.15, Graphical Login.
1.14.2 Manual Configuration
Having rebooted, the system starts the manual configuration. If the
configuration fails at one of the steps of this stage, it restarts and
continues from the last successful step.
Hostname and Domain Name
The hostname is the computer's name in the network. The domain name is
the name of the network. A hostname and domain are proposed by default.
If your system is part of a network, the hostname has to be unique in
this network, whereas the domain name has to be common to all hosts on
In many networks, the system receives its name over DHCP. In this case
it is not necessary to modify the hostname and domain name. Select
instead. To be able to
access your system using this hostname, even when it is not connected
to the network, select .
If you often change networks without restarting the desktop environment
(e.g. when switching between different WLANs), do not enable this
option, because the desktop system may get confused when the hostname
To change hostname settings at any time after installation, use YaST
Configuring the Network Card with YaST, (↑ Reference ).
. For more information, see
If you are installing openSUSE on a laptop computer,
Section 10.0, Using NetworkManager. If
you are installing openSUSE on any other type of machine, the
traditional method without NetworkManager is selected by default. This
configuration step also lets you configure the network devices of your
system and make security settings, for example, for a firewall or
is enabled. NetworkManager is a
tool that enables automatic connection with minimal user intervention.
It is ideal for WLAN and mobile computing. If you want to use the
traditional method without NetworkManager, click .
Find detailed information about NetworkManager in
The network can also be configured after the system installation has
been completed. If you skip it now, your system is left offline unable
to retrieve any available updates. To configure your network connection
The following network settings can be configured in this step:
Enable or disable the use of NetworkManager as described above. Also change
the IPv6 support here. By default the IPv6 support is enabled. To
disable it, click Section 20.2, . For more
information about IPv6, see
IPv6—The Next Generation Internet, (↑ Reference ).
By default SuSEfirewall2 is enabled on all configured network
interfaces. To globally disable the firewall for this computer,
click on Section 33.4.1, . If the firewall is enabled, you
may the SSH port in order to allow remote
connections via secure shell. To open the detailed firewall
configuration dialog, click on . See
Configuring the Firewall with YaST, (↑ Reference ) for detailed information.
, , and
All network cards detected by YaST are listed here. If you have
already set up a network connection during the installation (as
described in Network Setup) the
card used for this connection is listed as
. A click on opens the
dialog, where you can change existing configurations, set up
networks cards not configured yet, or add and configure additional
cards. See Section 4.2, Internet Connection Via Network for checklists of
configuration requirements for the various connection types and
Configuring the Network Card with YaST, (↑ Reference ) for configuration
If your computer is equipped with an internal DSL modem, an internal
ADSL Fritz Card, an ISDN card or a modem, clicking on the respective
headline opens the configuration dialog. Refer to
Section 4.0, Accessing the Internet for further information.
- VNC Remote Administration
To enable remote administration of your machine via VNC, click
. Choose in the following dialog and adjust
your firewall settings accordingly.
If you have a proxy server controlling the Internet access in your
network, configure the proxy URLs and authentication details in this
HINT: Resetting the Network Configuration to the Default Values
Reset the network settings to the original proposed values by clicking
. This discards any changes made.
Test Internet Connection
After having configured a network connection, you can test it. For
this purpose, YaST establishes a connection to the openSUSE
server and downloads the latest release notes. Read them at the end of
the installation process. A successful test is also a prerequisite for
registering and updating online.
If you have multiple network interfaces, verify that the desired card
is used to connect to the Internet. If not, click
To start the test, select
and click . In the next
dialog, view the progress of the test and the results. Detailed
information about the test process is available via . If the test fails, click to
return to the network configuration to correct your entries.
If you do not want to test the connection at this point, select
updating online. These steps can be performed any time after the
system has been initially configured.
This also skips downloading the release notes,
To get technical support and product updates, first register and
activate your product. If you are offline or want to skip this step,
. This also skips
openSUSE online update.
, select whether to send
unsolicited additional information when registering. Click on
to obtain in-depth information about data
privacy and the data collected.
Upon a successful registration, a repository containing official online
updates is added to the repository catalog. This repository is used in
step to update your
If the Section 5.0,
YaST Online Update, (↑ Reference ). Directives on how to perform an
online update in the installed system are available at
Section 3.3, Keeping the System Up-to-date or
YaST Online Update, (↑ Reference ).
was successful, select whether
to perform a YaST online update. If there are any patched packages
available on the servers, download and install them now to fix known
bugs or security issues. For detailed instructions see
IMPORTANT: Downloading Software Updates
The download of updates might take quite some time, depending on the
bandwidth of the Internet connection and the size of the update files.
In case the patch system itself is updated, the online update will
restart and download more patches after the restart. If the kernel was
updated, the system will reboot before completing the configuration.
New Local User
In addition to the user created in part one of the installation, you
can create an additional user in this dialog. To create more users,
manage groups, modify defaults for new users and set up network
authentication, launch the Section 5.0, Managing Users with YaST for more information about user
management. To skip this step, just click
without entering any data.
. Refer to
After completing the user authentication setup, YaST displays the
release notes. Reading them is recommended, because they contain
important up-to-date information which was not available when the
manuals were printed. If you successfully tested the Internet
connection, read the most recent version of the release notes, as
fetched from openSUSE's servers. Use
in YaST or start the SUSE Help Center to view the
release notes after installation.
At the end of the installation, YaST opens a dialog for the
configuration of the graphics card and other hardware components
connected to the system, such as printers or
sound cards. Click the individual components to start the
hardware configuration. For the most part, YaST detects and
configures the devices automatically.
You can skip any peripheral devices and configure them later, as
described in Section 2.0, Setting Up Hardware Components with YaST. To skip the configuration,
select and click
However, when setting up a desktop system you should configure the
graphics card right away. Although the display settings as configured
by YaST should be generally acceptable, most users have very strong
preferences as far as resolution, color depth, and other graphics
features are concerned. To change these settings, select the respective
item and set the values as desired.
HINT: Resetting Hardware Configuration to the Default Values
You can cancel any changes to the hardware configuration by clicking
. YaST then shows the original
After a successful installation, YaST shows the Installation
Completed dialog. In this dialog, select whether to clone your newly
installed system for AutoYaST. To clone your system, select /root/autoyast.xml.
. The profile of the current system is
AutoYaST is a system for installing one or more openSUSE systems
automatically without user intervention. AutoYaST installations are
performed using a control file with installation and configuration
data. Finish the
installation of openSUSE with