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16.5.1. MySQL Server Process Usage for MySQL Cluster

mysqld is the traditional MySQL server process. To be used with MySQL Cluster, mysqld needs to be built with support for the NDB Cluster storage engine, as it is in the precompiled binaries available from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/. If you build MySQL from source, you must invoke configure with the --with-ndbcluster option to enable NDB Cluster storage engine support.

If the mysqld binary has been built with Cluster support, the NDB Cluster storage engine is still disabled by default. You can use either of two possible options to enable this engine:

  • Use --ndbcluster as a startup option on the command line when starting mysqld.

  • Insert a line containing ndbcluster in the [mysqld] section of your my.cnf file.

An easy way to verify that your server is running with the NDB Cluster storage engine enabled is to issue the SHOW ENGINES statement in the MySQL Monitor (mysql). You should see the value YES as the Support value in the row for NDBCLUSTER. If you see NO in this row or if there is no such row displayed in the output, you are not running an NDB-enabled version of MySQL. If you see DISABLED in this row, you need to enable it in either one of the two ways just described.

To read cluster configuration data, the MySQL server requires at a minimum three pieces of information:

  • The MySQL server's own cluster node ID

  • The hostname or IP address for the management server (MGM node)

  • The number of the TCP/IP port on which it can connect to the management server

Node IDs can be allocated dynamically, so it is not strictly necessary to specify them explicitly.

The mysqld parameter ndb-connectstring is used to specify the connectstring either on the command line when starting mysqld or in my.cnf. The connectstring contains the hostname or IP address where the management server can be found, as well as the TCP/IP port it uses.

In the following example, ndb_mgmd.mysql.com is the host where the management server resides, and the management server listens for cluster messages on port 1186:

shell> mysqld --ndb-connectstring=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com:1186

See Section 16.4.4.2, “The MySQL Cluster connectstring, for more information on connectstrings.

Given this information, the MySQL server will be a full participant in the cluster. (We sometimes refer to a mysqld process running in this manner as an SQL node.) It will be fully aware of all cluster data nodes as well as their status, and will establish connections to all data nodes. In this case, it is able to use any data node as a transaction coordinator and to read and update node data.


 
 
  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire