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19.2.5. BEGIN ... END Compound Statement Syntax

[begin_label:] BEGIN
    [statement_list]
END [end_label]

BEGIN ... END syntax is used for writing compound statements, which can appear within stored routines and triggers. A compound statement can contain multiple statements, enclosed by the BEGIN and END keywords. statement_list represents a list of one or more statements. Each statement within statement_list must be terminated by a semicolon (;) statement delimiter. Note that statement_list is optional, which means that the empty compound statement (BEGIN END) is legal.

Use of multiple statements requires that a client is able to send statement strings containing the ; statement delimiter. This is handled in the mysql command-line client with the delimiter command. Changing the ; end-of-statement delimiter (for example, to //) allows ; to be used in a routine body. For an example, see Section 19.2.1, “CREATE PROCEDURE and CREATE FUNCTION Syntax”.

A compound statement can be labeled. end_label cannot be given unless begin_label also is present. If both are present, they must be the same.

The optional [NOT] ATOMIC clause is not yet supported. This means that no transactional savepoint is set at the start of the instruction block and the BEGIN clause used in this context has no effect on the current transaction.


 
 
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