22.4. Starting and Stopping vsftpd
The vsftpd RPM installs the
script, which can be accessed using the /sbin/service command.
To start the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd start
To stop the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd stop
The restart option is a shorthand way of
stopping and then starting vsftpd. This is the most efficient way
to make configuration changes take effect after editing the
configuration file for vsftpd.
To restart the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd restart
The condrestart (conditional
restart) option only starts vsftpd if it is currently running. This
option is useful for scripts, because it does not start the
daemon if it is not running.
To conditionally restart the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd condrestart
By default, the vsftpd service
does not start automatically at boot
time. To configure the vsftpd
service to start at boot time, use an initscript utility, such as
/sbin/chkconfig, /usr/sbin/ntsysv, or the
Tool program. Refer to Chapter 15, Controlling Access to Services for more information regarding these
22.4.1. Starting Multiple Copies of vsftpd
Sometimes one computer is used to serve multiple FTP
domains. This is a technique called
multihoming. One way to multihome using
vsftpd is by running
multiple copies of the daemon, each with its own configuration
To do this, first assign all relevant IP addresses to network
devices or alias network devices on the system. Refer to Chapter 14, Network Configuration for more information about
configuring network devices and device aliases. Additional
information can be found about network configuration scripts in
Chapter 13, Network Interfaces.
Next, the DNS server for the FTP domains must be configured to
reference the correct machine. For information about BIND and
its configuration files, refer to Chapter 16, Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND).
For vsftpd to answer
requests on different IP addresses, multiple copies of the
daemon must be running. The first copy must be run using the
vsftpd initscripts, as
outlined in Section 22.4, “Starting and Stopping vsftpd”. This copy
uses the standard configuration file, /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf.
Each additional FTP site must have a configuration file with a
unique name in the /etc/vsftpd/ directory, such as
configuration file must be readable and writable only by
root. Within each configuration file for each FTP server
listening on an IPv4 network, the following directive must be
Replace N.N.N.N with the
unique IP address for the FTP site being
served. If the site is using IPv6, use the listen_address6 directive instead.
Once each additional server has a configuration file, the
vsftpd daemon must be
launched from a root shell prompt using the following command:
vsftpd /etc/vsftpd/<configuration-file> [amp ]
In the above command, replace
<configuration-file> with the
unique name for the server's configuration file, such as
Other directives to consider altering on a per-server basis
For a detailed list of directives available within vsftpd's configuration file, refer to
Section 22.5, “vsftpd Configuration Options”.
To configure any additional servers to start automatically at
boot time, add the above command to the end of the /etc/rc.local file.