NOTE: CentOS Enterprise Linux 5 is built from the Red Hat Enterprise Linux source code. Other than logo and name changes CentOS Enterprise Linux 5 is compatible with the equivalent Red Hat version. This document applies equally to both Red Hat and CentOS Enterprise Linux 5.
Samba is an open source implementation of the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. It allows the networking of Microsoft Windows®, Linux, UNIX, and other operating systems together, enabling
access to Windows-based file and printer shares. Samba's use of SMB allows it to appear as a Windows server to Windows clients.
19.1. Introduction to Samba
The third major release of Samba, version 3.0.0, introduced numerous improvements from prior versions, including:
The ability to join an Active Directory domain by means of LDAP and Kerberos
Built in Unicode support for internationalization
Support for Microsoft Windows XP Professional client connections to Samba servers without needing local registry hacking
Two new documents developed by the Samba.org team, which include a 400+ page reference manual, and a 300+ page implementation and integration manual. For more information about these published titles, refer to
Section 19.12.2, “Related Books”.
19.1.1. Samba Features
Samba is a powerful and versatile server application. Even seasoned system administrators must know its abilities and limitations before attempting installation and configuration.
What Samba can do:
Serve directory trees and printers to Linux, UNIX, and Windows clients
Assist in network browsing (with or without NetBIOS)
Authenticate Windows domain logins
Provide Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) name server resolution
Act as a Windows NT®-style Primary Domain Controller (PDC)
Act as a Backup Domain Controller (BDC) for a Samba-based PDC